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A scrub, also called "scrub tech," "surgical technician," or "operating room technician", is an allied health professional working as a part of the team delivering surgical care. They possess knowledge and skills in sterile and aseptic techniques. There are few mandatory professional requirements for operating room technician jobs, and the scope of practice varies widely across countries and jurisdictions. Surgical technologists attend junior colleges and technical schools, and many are trained in military training schools. In the military they perform the duties of both the circulator and the scrub. The bulk of training is done in the operating room, and they are trained by giving them progressively more difficult surgical cases to scrub, until they are able to scrub all types of surgical procedures. This can take a few years. The goal is for surgical technologist to be able to anticipate the next move the surgeon is going to make in order to make the procedure as smooth and efficient as possible.
Those preparing for operating room technician careers must attend a surgical technologist program offered by a community college, university or the military. Many employers prefer to hire technicians who graduate from a CAAHEP-accredited program (Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Educational Programs) and who pass a national certification exam.