Complete Your CE Test Online - Click Here Sponsorship/Commercial Support and Non-Endorsment It is the policy of Elite not to accept commercial support. Furthermore, commercial interests are prohibited from distributing or providing access to this activity to learners. Disclaimer The information provided in this activity is for continuing education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a healthcare provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition. ©2018: All Rights Reserved. Materials may not be reproduced without the expressed written permission or consent of Elite Professional Education, LLC. The materials presented in this course are meant to provide the consumer with general information on the topics covered. The information provided was prepared by professionals with practical knowledge of the areas covered. It is not meant to provide medical, legal, or professional advice. Elite Professional Education, LLC recommends that you consult a medical, legal, or professional services expert licensed in your state. Elite Professional Education, LLC has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that all content provided in this course is accurate and up to date at the time of printing, but does not represent or warrant that it will apply to your situation nor circumstances and assumes no liability from reliance on these materials. Quotes are collected from customer feedback surveys. The models are intended to be representative and not actual customers. Learning objectives This course is designed to help you: Š Š Recognize possible clinical, behavioral, and physical indicators of suspected child abuse and neglect. Š Š Explain criteria of mandated reporters in accordance with Pennsylvania law. Š Š Evaluate situations to determine whether there is reasonable cause to suspect child abuse or neglect. Š Š Apply the updated requirements and protocol for reporting child abuse or neglect. Š Š Describe the reporting procedure. Š Š Describe the scope of human trafficking and identify human trafficking victims at risk. Outline: Š Š Introduction. Š Š Overview of Child Welfare in Pennsylvania. Š Š Child Protective Services vs. General Protective Services. Š Š Recent Changes to the Pennsylvania Child Protective Services Law. Š Š Definitions related to Child Protective Services. Š Š Mandated Reporters. Š Š The Reporting Process. Š Š Failure to Report. Š Š Recognizing Signs of Abuse and Neglect. Š Š Identify Children at Risk for Human Trafficking. INTRODUCTION Child abuse and neglect remains a significant problem for us all in the United States as well as Pennsylvania. Approximately 3.4 million children in the U.S. were the subjects of at least one report (HHS, 2015 Child Maltreatment Report). In Pennsylvania alone, there were 40,590 reports of suspected child and student abuse in 2015, which is an increase of 11,317 reports from the previous year (Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare Annual Child Protective Services Report, 2015). In Pennsylvania; there were 23 legislative bills signed in 2013 and 2014 and enacted in 2014 to protect the children of our state. In 2015 and 2016 there were two more acts that were passed. These changes to Title 23, Chapter 63 of the Pennsylvania Child Protective Services Law (CPSL) were implemented with the intention to help reduce the recurrence of child abuse and neglect by helping to improve procedures governing child protection and reporting processes, expanding the list of individuals mandated to report, and helping to improve the investigation of child abuse cases via applicable technology and monitoring. The legislation focused again on child abuse legislation in 2015 and 2016 enacting two more protective service acts which include Act 15 of 2015 and Act 115 of 2016 (both described below). These two new acts focus on expanded reporting requirements for child abuse as well as the identification of youth at risk for human trafficking. The children of our state need to be protected by us all to prevent them from the trauma and associated outcomes incurred as a result of child abuse and neglect. OVERVIEW OF CHILD WELFARE IN PENNSYLVANIA To help families achieve positive outcomes, child welfare systems throughout the country, including Pennsylvania, have strengthened their approaches to practice. Practice models guide the work of those involved with the child welfare system, enabling them to work together to improve outcomes for children, youth, and families. A significant achievement over the course of the past five years has been the development and implementation of the PA Child Welfare Practice Model (practice model) (Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare, Office of Children, Youth and Families, Title IV-B Child and Family Service Plan, 2014). The practice model consists of the following core elements: outcomes – the areas that need to change in order to achieve improved outcomes; values and principles – the value base that provides guidance about how those in the field of child welfare are to work together; and skills – operationalized standards that provide direction while still allowing for flexibility in how to best meet the child, youth and family’s unique needs. Improved outcomes are absolutely necessary as noted in Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare Annual Child Abuse Report 2013. Out of Pennsylvania’s 67 counties, 33 received more reports of child and student abuse in 2013 than in 2012, and sexual abuse was involved in 53% of all substantiated reports. To put this more into perspective, in 2013 the total number of reports in Pennsylvania was 9.6 reports per 1,000 children with the total number of substantiated reports at 1.3 per 1,000 children. So, for every 1,000 children in our state, 1 child is abused and or neglected. What is the Child Protective Services Law (CPSL)? The Pennsylvania Child Protective Services Law (CPSL) was signed into law in 1975. It was enacted to protect children from abuse, allow the opportunity for healthy growth and development, and, whenever possible, preserve and stabilize the family. Page 2