Page 124 Complete Your CE Test Online - Click Here Š Š National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (n.d.). Complex regional pain syndrome fact sheet. Retrieved from Sheets/Complex-Regional-Pain-Syndrome-Fact-Sheet Š Š National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (n.d.). Diabetic neuropathy information page. Retrieved from Information-Page Š Š National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (n.d.). Trigeminal neuralgia fact sheet. Retrieved from Trigeminal-Neuralgia-Fact-Sheet Š Š National Pharmaceutical Council & Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. (2001). Pain-current understandings of assessments, management, and treatment. Retrieved from treatments Š Š Nikolajsen, L., & Jensen, T. S. (2000). Phantom limb pain. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 87(1), 107–116. doi: Š Š O’Brien, C. P. (2014). Managing patients with a history of substance abuse. Canadian Family Physician, 60(3), 248–250. Š Š Ossipov, M. H., Morimura, K., & Porreca, F. (2014). Descending pain modulation and chronification of pain. Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care, 8(2), 143–151. SPC.0000000000000055 Š Š Otari, K., Shete, R., & Upasani, C. (2012). Pharmacotherapy of neuropathic pain, Neuropathic Pain. InTech. doi: 10.5772/37564. Retrieved from pharmacotherapy-of-neuropathic-pain Š Š Pasero, C., & McCaffery, M. (Eds.). (2011). Pain assessment and pharmacologic management (pp. 277–622). St. Louis: Mosby/Elsevier. Š Š Prostran, M., Vujović, K. S., Vučković, S., Medić, B., Srebro, D., Divac, N., … & Cerovac, N. (2016). Pharmacotherapy of pain in the older population: The place of opioids. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 8, 144. Š Š Quimby, C. (2005). The role of opioids in cancer pain. BMJ, 331(7520), 825–829. doi: https://doi. org/10.1136/bmj.331.7520.825 Š Š Registered Nurses’Association of Ontario. (2013). Assessment and management of pain (3rd ed.). Toronto, ON: Author. Š Š Rosenquist, E. (2017). Overview of the treatment of non-cancer pain. UpToDate. Retrieved from pain?source=search_result&search=pain&selectedTitle=1~150 Š Š Rudd, R. A., Seth, P., David, F., & Scholl, L. (2016). Increases in drug and opioid-involved overdose deaths—United States, 2010–2015. The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 65(5051), 1445–1452. Š Š Samcam, I., & Papa, L. (2016). Acute pain management in the emergency department. InTech. doi: 10.5772/62861. Retrieved from management-in-the-emergency-department Š Š Senba, E., Okamoto, K., & Imbe, H. (2012). Central sensitization and descending facilitation in chronic pain state, new insights into fibromyalgia. InTech. doi: 10.5772/28556. Retrieved from descending-facilitation-in-chronic-pain-state Š Š Shei, A., Rice, J. B., Kirson, N. Y., Bodnar, K., Birnbaum, H. G., Holly, P., & Ben-Joseph, R. (2015). Sources of prescription opioids among diagnosed opioid abusers. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 31(4), 779–784. Š Š Silva, M., & Halpern, S. H. (2010). Epidural analgesia for labor: Current techniques. Local and Regional Anesthesia, 3, 143–153. Š Š Silverman, S. M. (2009). Opioid induced hyperalgesia: Clinical implications for the pain practitioner. Pain Physician, 12(3), 679–684. Š Š Solomon, D. (2015). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). UpToDate. Retrieved from basics#H1 Š Š St. Sauver, J. L., Warner, D. O., Yawn, B. P., Jacobson, D. J., McGree, M. E., Pankratz, J. J., … & Rocca, W. A. (2013). Why patients visit their doctors: Assessing the most prevalent conditions in a defined American population. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 88(1), 56–67. mayocp.2012.08.020 Š Š Ter Meulen, B. C., Maas, E. T., Vyas, A., van der Vegt, M., de Priester, K., de Boer, M. R., … & Ostelo, R. W. J. G. (2017). Treatment of acute sciatica with transforaminal epidural corticosteroids and local anesthetic: Design of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 18, 215. Š Š Treede, R. D., Rief, W., Barke, A., Aziz, Q., Bennett, M. I., Benoliel, R., … & Wang, S. J. (2015). A classification of chronic pain for ICD-11. Pain, 156(6), 1003–1007. pain.0000000000000160 Š Š Van Zee, A. (2009). The Promotion and Marketing of OxyContin: Commercial triumph, public health tragedy. American Journal of Public Health, 99(2), 221–227. AJPH.2007.131714 Š Š Verghese, S. T., & Hannallah, R. S. (2010). Acute pain management in children. Journal of Pain Research, 3, 105–123. Š Š Verrills, P., Sinclair, C., & Barnard, A. (2016). A review of spinal cord stimulation systems for chronic pain. Journal of Pain Research, 9, 481–492. Š Š World Health Organization. (1996). Cancer pain relief (2nd Ed.). Geneva: Author. Retrieved from Š Š Yuan, Y., Chen, J. Y., Guo, H., Zhang, Y., Liang, D. M., Zhou, H., ... & Lin, F. (2010). Relief of abdominal pain by morphine without altering physical signs in acute appendicitis. Chinese Medical Journal, 123(2), 142–145. Retrieved from