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REHAB INSIDER • January 2017 Vol.1 No.1

neuroscience 23 the time period, setting, mood, etc. It was fascinating to hear and visualize the stories these people created. Each became so immersed in the lives of the people in the picture that they would paint scenes with their words on how these fictional characters lived. It prompted them to use their voices in ways they never do. In regard to music, individuals connected with the songs played, either by remembering lyrics or singing along to the Frank Sinatra song “Young at Heart,” for example. Others could be seen emotionally connecting to the music by means of facial recognition (smiles and nods). The overall atmosphere of the room was changed almost instantly. Literature Review Because memory and attention deficits are among the first clinical manifestations to develop in Alzheimer’s disease, musical stimulation may increase temporary arousal, stimulating cognitive activity, suggesting a beneficial effect on cognition; however, further studies are essential.12 According to research by Tupen (2012), music therapy increases quality of life in individuals with dementia somewhat due to a positive response from all individuals in four areas: interest, communication, enjoyment and mood.13 Music therapy also slows down hyperactivity in the right hemisphere of the brain, which regulates activities, and causes a diminution of disruptive feedback in the brain that may cause an individual with dementia to find it difficult to speak. This allows the left hemisphere to operate without interference from the right hemisphere, which provides more competent speech and language production performance.14 In a study conducted on 20 participants with dementia, communication performance was significantly better with music during conversation and comprehension, demonstrating that fluency may be preserved longer with this program.15 But while all the literature suggests that music therapy is a safe, non-pharmacological therapy that’s advantageous to the geriatric population with dementia,16 there must be considerably more research to confirm the true efficacy of this therapy. It’s particularly important to provide individuals with any type of progressive cognitive disability interventions that will maintain their language ability.17 According to Carozza (2015), “Community re-integration is the ultimate goal of all rehabilitation and successful adjustment to life at different junctures takes courage and knowledge.”18 A considerable increase in creative arts interventions, which are inexpensive and have no known negative side effects, would be an excellent opportunity for better studies. Implications of CST Research Much more in-depth research is needed to confirm the efficacy of these programs long-term. These treatments can only provide a positive, creatively enriching environment in which patients are free to express whatever comes to mind. Rather than medically-based treatments, which may not necessarily help, speech-language pathologists must look to unique ways of maintaining cognitive connections so the patient’s quality of life can either improve or sustain. It’s hoped this can be accomplished through creative, non-pharmacologic approaches such as music therapy. References are available at www.advanceweb.com/speech JANUARY 2017  |  REHAB INSIDER VALIDATED RESULTS WITH ULTRASOUND. PROVEN VERSATILITY WITH EVERYTHING ELSE. Increase patient compliance Complement ultrasound therapy Enhance cryotherapy Calm the pain between T.E.N.S. Intensify soft tissue massage Provide fast pain relief for muscles & joints PAIN RELIEVING GELS FREE! ULTRASOUND STUDY & SAMPLE (800) 527.4923 THE SEROLA® BELT Recommended by top health clinics Sold in over 40 countries | Made in USA Scan for Video ORDER NOW! Call 800.624.0008 or order online www.Serola.net Improves core strength & Increases mobility Relieves lower back, hip & leg pain Normalizes function of the Sacroiliac Joint Billing Code: L0621 www.Serola.net | 800.624.0008


REHAB INSIDER • January 2017 Vol.1 No.1
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